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Ibn-al-Athir: C. J. Tornberg, ed., Ibn-el-Athiri Chronicon, quod perfectissimum inscribitur, 14 vols., Leiden, 1851-76.

Ibn-al-Balkhi: G. le Strange and R. A Nicholson, ed., The Fársnáma of Ibnu ’l-Balkhī (GMS, New Series, I), London, 1921.

Ibn-Isfandiyar: E. G. Browne, tr., An Abridged Translation of the History of Ṭabaristán compiled about A. H. 613 (A. D. 1216) by Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan b. Isfandiyár (GMS, Old Series, II), London, 1905.

Imperial Gazetteer of India, 26 vols., Oxford, 1907-9.

IVANOW, W., Studies in Early Persian Ismailism, Leiden, 1948.

- See also the Kalām-i-Pīr.

Juvaini: Mirza Muhammad Qazvini, ed., The Ta’ríkh-i-Jahān-Gushá of ʽAlá’u ’d-Dín ʽAṭâ-Malik-i-Juwayní, 3 vols., (GMS, Old Series, XVI/1, 2, 3), London, 1912, 1916 and 1937; Sir E. D. Ross ed., Ta’rīkh-Jahān-Gushāy of Juwayni, Volume III (facsimile of a MS.), London, 1931; Fraser 154 and Ouseley Add. 44 (MSS. in the Bodleian). (Qazvini has distinguished the various MSS. on which his edition is based by means of the Arabic letters in their abjad or numerical order. These have been represented in the footnotes to the translation by Roman capitals in the ordinary alphabetical order. Thus A denotes Qazvini’s MS. alif, C his MS. jīm, G his MS. zain, and so on. The three volumes of Qazvini’s edition - called ʻParts’ in the translation - are referred to in the footnotes by means of capital Roman numerals, whilst small Roman numerals indicate the two volumes of the translation itself.)

Juzjani: W. Nassau Lees, ed., The Tabaqat-i Nasiri, Calcutta, 1864; H. G. Raverty, tr., The Tabaḳāt-i Nāṣirī, London, 1881.

Kālam-i-Pīr. W. Ivanow, ed. and tr., Kalami Pir; Bombay, 1935.

Kashghari: B. Atalay, tr., Divanü Lûgat-it-Türk Tercümesi, 3 vols., Ankara, 1939-41; C. Brockelmann, tr., Mitteltürkischer Wortschatz nach Maḥmūd al-Kāšγarīs Dīvān Luγāt at-Turk, Budapest and Leipzig, 1928.

Khaqani: A. ʽAbdorrasuli, ed., Dīvān, Tehran, 1316/1937-8.

KHETAGUROV, L. A.: See Rashid-ad-Din.

Kirakos of Candzak: Kirakosi Vardapeti Gandzaketsʽwoy Hamaṙāt Patmutʽiwn, Venice, 1865.

Koran: J. M. Rodwell, tr., The Koran (Everyman’s Library), London, 1909. (In translations from the Koran Rodwell’s version has usually been followed except in cases where the context required a different wording.)

KRAUSE, F. E. A. See the Yüan shih.

LAMBTON, ANN Ê S., Islamic Society in Persia (Inaugural Lecture), London, 1954.

LANE-POOLE, S., A History of Egypt in the Middle Ages, London, 1901.

- The Mohammadan Dynasties, London, 1894.

LE STRANGE, G., The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate, Cambridge, 1905.

LEVY, R., ‘The Account of the Ismaʽili doctrines in the Jamiʽ al-Tawarikh of Rashid al-Din Fadlallah’, JRAS, 1930.

LEWIS, B., Tbe Origins of Ismāʽīlism, Cambridge, 1940.

- ‘Some observations on the significance of Heresy in the History of Islam’, Studia Islamica, I (1953).

Li Chih-chʽang: A. Waley, tr., The Travels of an Alchemist, London, 1931.

MARQUART (MARKWART), J., ‘Ǧuwayni’s Bericht über die Bekehrung der Uighuren’, SPAW, 1912.

- Über das Volkstum der Komanen in Bang-Marquart, Osttürkiscbe Dialektstudien, Berlin, 1914.

- Wehrot und Arang Leiden, 1938.

MARTIN, H. D, ‘The Mongol Wars with Hsi Hsia (1205-27)’, JRAS, 1942.

- The Rise of Chingis Khan and his Conquest of North China, Baltimore, 1950.

Marvazi: V. Minorsky, ed. and tr., Sharaf al-Zamān Ṭāhir Marvazī on China, the Turks and India, London, 1942.

Masʽudi: Maçoudi: Les Prairies d’Or; texte et traduction par C. Barbier de Meynard et Pavet de Courteille, 9 vols., Paris, 1861-77.

MINORSKY, V., ‘Caucasica III: The Alān Capital *Magas and the Mongol Campaigns’, BSOAS, XIV/2 (1952).

- ‘A Civil and Military Review in Fars in 881/1474’, BSOS, X (1940-2).

- ‘A Soyūrghāl of Qāsim b. Jahāngīr Aq-Qoyunlu’, BSOS, IX (1937-9).

- Studies in Caucasian History; London, 1953.

MINORSKY, V., ‘Transcaucasica’, JA, 1930, II.

- ‘The Turkish Dialect of the Khalaj’, BSOS, X (1940-2).

- See also the Ḥudūd al-ʽĀlam, Marvazi, MINOVI and MINORSKY and VERNADSKY.

MINOVI, M., and MINORSKY, V., ‘Naṣīr al-Din Ṭūsī on Finance’, BSOS, X (1940-2).

MOSTAERT, A., ‘Sur quelques passages de l’Histoire secrète des Mongols’, HJAS, 13 (1950).

MOSTAERT, A., and CLEAVES, F. W., ‘Trois documents mongols des Archives secrètes vaticanes’, HJAS, 15 (1952).

Muhammad Haidar: N. Elias, ed., and E. D. Ross, tr., The Tarikh-i-Rashidi of Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlát, London, 1895.

Nasawi: O. Houdas, ed. and tr., Hiftoire du Sultan Djelal ed-Din Mankobirti, 2 vols., Paris, 1891-5.

Nasir-i-Khusrau: M. Minovi, ed., Dīvān, Tehran, 1304-7/1925-8.

- H. Corbin and M. Moʽin, ed., Kitâb-e Jâmiʽal-Hikmatain, Tehran and Paris, 1953.

NICHOLSON, R. A, A Literary History of the Arabs, London, 1907.

Odoric, Friar: A. van den Wyngaert, ed. in Sirica Franciscana I, Quaracchi, 1929; Sir H. Yule, tr. in Cathay and the Way Thither; II, London, 1913.

D’OHSSON, C., Histoire des Mongols depuis Tchinguiz-Khan jusquʽà Timour Bey ou Tamerlan (2nd. ed.), 4 vols., The Hague and Amsterdam, 1834-5.

OMAN, SIR C., A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages (2nd. ed.), 2 vols., London, 1924.

OMAR KHAYYAM: A. J. Arberry, ed. and tr., The Rubāʽīyāt of Omar Khayyām, London, 1949; E. H. Whinfield, ed. and tr., The Quatrains of Omar Khayyám, London, 1883.

PELLIOT, P., ʻA propos des Comans’, JA, 1920, I.

- ‘Les Mongols et la Papauté’, Revue de l’Orient Chrétien, XXIII (1922-3), XXIV (1924) and XXVIII (1931-2). (The references are to the page numbers of the tirage-à-part.)

- ‘Les mots a h initiale, aujourd’hui amuie, dans le mongol des XIIIe et XIVe siècles’, JA, 1925, I.

- ‘Neuf notes sur des questions d’Asie Centrale’, TP, 1929.

- ‘Notes sur le "Turkestan" de M. W. Barthold’, TP, 1930.

- Notes sur l’histoire de la Horde d’Or, Paris, 1950.

- ‘Sur un passage du Cheng-wou ts’in-tcheng lou’, Ts’ai Yuan P’ei Anniversary Volume (Supplementary Volume I of the Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology of Academia Sinica), Peking, 1934.

- ‘Une ville musulmane dans la Chine du Nord sous les Mongols’, JA, 1927, I.

- ‘Le vrai nom de Seroctan’, TP, 1932.

- See also the Secret History and the Shêng-wu chʽiï-chêng lu.

Polo, Marco: L F. Benedetto, it.; The Travels of Marco Polo, London, 1931; Sir H. Yule, tr., The Book of Ser Marco Polo (3rd. ed.), 2 vols., 1903.

PRESCOTT, W. H, History of the Conquest of Mexico (ed. Kirk), London, 1889.

QUATREMÈRE, E. See Rashid-ad-Din.

RABINO, H. L., Mázandarán and Astarábád (GMS, New Series, VII), London, 1928.

RADLOFF, W., Die alttürkischen Inschriften derMongolei, St. Petersburg, 1895.

- Das Kudaktu Bilig Theil I, St. Petersburg, 1891.

RADLOFF, W., and MALOV, S. E., Uighurische Sprachdenkmäler; Leningrad, 1928.

Rashid-ad-Din: I. N. Berezin, ed. and tr., ‘Sbornik letopisei’, VOIAO, V (1858), VII (1861), XIII (1868) and XV (1888); E. Blochet, ed., Djami et-Tévarikh (GMS, Old Series, XVIII), London, 1912; A. A. Khetagurov, tr., Sbornik letopisei, I, 1, Moscow, 1952; E. Quatremère, ed. and tr., Histoire des Mongols de la Perse, Paris, 1836; O. I. Smirnova, tr., Sbornik letopisei, I, 2, Moscow, 1952; Add. 7628 (British Museum MS.).

Ravandi: Muhammad Iqbal, ed., The Ráḥat-uṣ-Ṣudúr wa Áyat-us-Surúr (CMS, New Series, II), London, 1921.

RAVERTY, H. G. See Juzjani.

ROBERTSON, D. S., ‘A Forgotten Persian Poet of the Thirteenth Century’, JRAS, 1951.

ROCKHILL, W. W. See Rubruck.

ROSS, SIR E. D., The Persians, Oxford, 1931.

- See also Juvaini and Muhammad Haidar.

Rubruck: W. W. Rockhill, tr., The Journey of William of Rubruck to the Eastern Parts of the World, London, 1900; A. van den Wyngaert, ed. in Sinica Franciscana I, Quaracchi, 1929.

Saʽdi: A. J. Arberry, tr., Kings and Beggars, London, 1945; Muhammad ʽAli Furughi, ed., Būstān-i-Saʽdī, Tehran, 1316/1937-8.

SCHLEGEL, G., ‘Die chinesische Inschrift auf dem uighurischen Denkmal in Kara Balgassun’, Mémoires de la Société finno-ougrienne, Helsingfors, 1896.

Secret History of the Mongols: F. W. Cleaves, tr., The Secret History of the Mongols, Volume I (Translation), Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1957; E. Haenisch, tr., Die Geheime Geschichte der Mongolen (2nd. ed.), Leipzig, 1948; P. Pelliot, ed. and tr., Histoire secrète des Mongols, Paris, 1949.

Shahnama. See Firdausi.

Shêng-wu chʽin-chêng lu: P. Pelliot and L. Hambis, ed. and tr., Histoire des campagnes de Gengis Khan, Leiden, 1951.

SMIRNOVA, O. I. See Rashid-ad-Din.

SPULER, B.,Die Mongolen in Iran (2nd. ed.), Berlin, 1955.

- Die Golden Horde, Leipzig, 1943.

STARK, Freya, The Valleys of the Assassins and Other Persian Travels, London, 1934.

Thaʽalibi: A. Eghbal, ed., Tatimmatul-Yatimah, 2 vols., Tehran, 1934.

TURNER, Samuel, Siberia: a Record of Travel, Climbing and Exploration, London, 1908.

Vardan: Vardanay Vardapeti Hawakʽumn Patmutʽean, Venice, 1862.

Vassaf: J. von Hammer-Purgstall, ed. and tr., Geschichte Wassaf’s, Vienna, 1856; Kitāb-mustaṭab-i-Vaṣṣāf (lithographed ed.), Bombay, 1269/1852-3.

VERNADSKY, G., Ancient Russia, New Haven, 1943.

- ʻJuwaini’s Version of Chingis Khan’s yasa’, Annales de l’Institut Kondakov, XI (1939).

- The Mongols and Russia, New Haven, 1953.

- Î sostave velikoi yasï Chingis khana, Brussels, 1939. (Contains a translation by Professor Minorsky of Juvaini’s chapter on the yasas of Chingiz-Khan.)

VLADIMIRTSOV, B., Gengis-Khan, Paris, 1945.

- Le régime social des Mongols, Paris, 1948.

WALEY, A. See Li Chih-chʽang.

WHINFIELD, E. H. See Omar Khayyam.

WITTFOGEL, K. A., and FÊNG, CHIA-SHÊNG, History of Chinese Society: Liao (907-1125), Philadelphia, 1949.

WOLFF, O., Geschichte der Mongolen oder Tataren, Breslau, 1872.

WOOD, J., A Personal Narrative of a Journey to the Sources of the River Oxus, London, 1841.

WRIGHT, R. RAMSAY. See Biruni.

WYNGAERT, A. VAN DEN. See Carpini, Odoric and Rubruck.

YAQUT: F. Wüstenfeld, ed., Muʽgam al buldân, 6 vols., Leipzig 1866-72.

Yüan shih: L. Hambis, ed. and tr., Le chapitre CVII du Yuan che, Leiden, 1945; Le chapitre CVIII du Yuan che, Leiden, 1954; F. E. A Krause, tr, Cingis Han, Heidelberg 1922. (The translations supplied by Professor Cleaves are from the Po-na-pen edition of the text.)

YULE, SIR H., Cathay and the Way Thither (ed. Cordier), 4 vols., London, 1915-16.

- See also Odoric and Polo.

ZAMBAUR, E. DE, Manuel de généalogie et de chronologie pour l’histoire de l’Islam, 2 vols., Hanover, 1927.

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