:

, .

, .

.

. .. .

'- , .

AIUON Annali dell'Istituto Universitario Orientale du Napoli.

BGA Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum, Leiden.

BI Bibliotheca Indica: a collection of oriental works, published by the Asiatic Society of Bengal.

BSOAS Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

EI The Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1-st ed., Leiden, 19131936.

EI, n. e.The Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed., vol. III, London, 19601965.

GAL Brockelmann, GAL.

GMS Gibb Memorial Series, London.

HFM Historisk-folosofiske Meddeleser udgivet af Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Kebenhavn.

IsMEO Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, Centra Studi e Scavi Archeologici in Asia, Roma.

JA Journal Asiatique, Paris.

JRAS Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, London.

RSO Rivista degli Studi Orientali, Roma.

ZDMG Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft, Leipzig.